RWANDA IN THE PAST-PRESENT FOR THEIR HARMONIOUS FUTURE
Twas,Hutus,Tutsis settlement in Rwanda
for a common stranger who has heard about the genocide about Rwanda, it might be difficult to understand why people who had been living in harmony for more than 700 years could wake up one morining and start butchering each other.
It is indeed difficult for other people who are not Rwandese. But for us who are Rwandans by blood and culture, we understand clearly why this people do not get along. I am a political science scholar.I was also trained as a Historian in Rwanda National University. I have lived in Rwanda and outside Rwanda.I have had different classmates from either tribe. I am a professional Journalist. This gives me enough bold to argue about The Past,The Present,and the Future of Rwanda, for the sake of Rwanda's generation to come. It just needs one thing, just to tell the truth to each other among Rwanda tribes.
The land of Rwanda was inhabited since around 800 years. the first people to come to Rwanda were pigyms from Ituli forest. They were hunters and gatherers. They discovered a land lying between the lake of Kivu, Muhabura Volcano,and River Akagera. They were amazed by such green hills full of Antilopes, Gazelle among others. The Batwa community settled in Ruhengeri,Gisenyi near Birunga Forest and others near Gishwati forest, the rst went to Nyungwe forest. Those who got chance to be integrated into the communites as we shall see it later, came to stay in Gitarama and Butare as the servants of the Tutsi Kingodom which was established later.
The second group of people to settle in Rwanda are Hutus who are from the bantu group of Cameroon. This group came down the river Congo following a fertile land to farm. They found beautiful hills in the East side of Ituli forest near Virunga forest. They came farming as they could also enjoy the horizon beauty of this land. They used to stay on the top of the hills. They wanted more land to farm. they spread southward. some groups went behind the volcanoes of Muhabura,Gahinga, and Sabyinyo. Others southward and crossed river Nyabarongo, Akanyaru,and Kagera. They settled in the savanna land of Karagwe. Those who went toward Bunyoro, they settled in Bufumbira. These were the second settlers of Rwanda.
Then came the third group. This is the group of people who originated from South Egypt and South West of Ethiopia. They were herders and pastoralists. This group some historians and Anthropologists confuse it with some Nilotes but the truth is that they share nothing in common. They came from the Horn of Africa and walked eastward looking for green pastures to flock their cattles. they found beautiful land extending from Ankole, Rutchuru, Masisi, Murera, and Rukiga in Rwanda then they spread Southward to the west of Rwanda. They propered because this land had minimal Tsetse Fly to interfere with their livestock. This is a third and last group to settle in Rwanda. All these three groups met in Rwanda not by any kind of the invitation but because of the Economic Migration which took them into Rwanda as they searched for green pastures.
The Twa community was not not concerned with social structures and dominance but social communion where the older person becomes his or her brother's keepr not an oppressor. Whoever was older than the other deserved an automatic respect from the young ones. He/She was not concerned of using such privilege to oppress the rest but to protect them. The younger ones used to find peace and comfort from their elders. That was a Twa society.
Among all the above three tribes, Hutus are the majority with 85% followed by the Tutsis who are 14%, and Twa 1%. When the Hutus came to settle in the Thousand Hills Land, they established an informal administration which was to help them settle social conflict and protect their land. It was a bit elaborated than the one of their Twa brothers from the Ituli forest. They had what we call "ABAHINZA for UMUHINZA in sigular. This was someone who was to oversee the welbeing of the community. He was chosen based on his roles to solving, advising, and making wise decisions concerning matters that could arise from the community. These people were much respected in the society. They helped to ensure that there was a harmony between these two communities. This went for centuries until the coming of Tutsis pastolists and herders. They believed be superior than the rest who were supposed , according to Tutsi ideology, to be subordinates. This led to onslaughter of Hutu Customary leaders called ABAHINZA. The Tutsis conspired to hand them on the log and were left to be eaten by voltures. After killing the ABAHINZA, the Tutsis put themselves to power and declared themselves as the kings over all Rwanda tribes.
They forced every body to bow to their rule. They massacred those who wanted to challenge their rule. One of the Hutu leaders who was assassinated is UMUHINZA MASHIRA of Bugoyi in Gisenyi in the Northwest of Rwanda. The hisotry says how this people were so crual until their kings could use fattened Hutu children to stand on their feet as they address the public. They also paased laws which could make Hutus work for Tutsis in their farms. Those who could not finish their tasks before the sun sets, they were treated to a100 whips. This went on until when the Belgians took over Rwanda and Burundi after defeating Germans.
The Belgians fostered the Tutsi ideology of rule and enslave by favoring them over their countrymen Hutus and Twa. They described Tutsis to be taller than the rest thus they should be supported to enslave the rest. This went on for years until some Hutus and Twas who had accessed education through religious institutions got enlightened to what was happening around the continent and they started fighting for the independence of Rwanda. This led to the UN sponsored referandum which made the majority win and led the country to the 1962 independence.
1962 RWANDA INDEPENDENCE
The Hutu got power through the peaceful revolution and Tutsis feared a perceived revenge due to what they did to Hutus. Some Tutsis remained in Rwanda but who were closer to power fled the country and went to settle in neighboring countries such as Uganda, where the majority went to, Zaire, Burundi, and Tanzania. These Tutsis in exile didn't stop to try their luck by invading Rwanda to topple down the Hutu regime.
In 1967, Tutsis who fled independence come back to attack Rwanda in attempt to overthrow the legimate government and return their monarchy. It was just 5 years after independence. They attacked from the south of Rwanda in a region ccalled Bugesera. This is because, this people had a support from their Tutsi brothers who were ruling in Burundi. Their attemp was futile because they were defeated and went underground for a decade. In 1977 they came back in the Nyungwe forest.
THE ORIGIN OF THE WORD "INYENZI" COCKROACHES
This is still in the south of Rwanda. This is the time they nicknamed themselves as INYENZI (Cockroaches). Because, they liked attacking in the middle of the night the same way Cockroaches bite people in the middle of the ight when there is no light. They were defeated again then went for several years. This time some of us where not yet born. We even forgot about the issue of tribes and most of our generation started intermarrying with Tutsis though it was very hard for a young Tutsi male to marry a young Hutu famale because of their ideology of superiority. They do not want their blood to mix with that of Hutus. the young male Tutsis did not have many problems mingling with Hutu females as long as they do not take them as their wives because of fearing the replications from their their families. For Tutsis is a Taboo to marry a Hutu woman.
THE 1990 RPF ATTACKS ON RWANDA
On the 1st of October 1990, the Tutsi movement of Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) composed by young generation some of whom do not even know when their parents left Rwanda, took arms and attacked Rwanda. They had a mission to revenge for their parents who were in refugee camps in Uganda. They were well organized with enough support from Clinton administration and Museveni Administration since some of these people were in Ugandan government.They also profited the USA interest in Zaire minerals. They found favor in the leadership of Bill Clinton who was the President of USA with his AFRICOM foreign policy (www.globalresearch.ca F. William Engdahl: Research Associate and the Center for Globalization and author of ‘A Century of War).
This invasion started gaining momentum because of greedy Hutus hungry of power. These Hutus wanted to get power from backdoors. They allied to RPF and created mayhem and havoc through out the country using their political parties such as Social Democratic Party PSD and MDR of Twagiramungu Faustin. In 1993 the Kigali government of Habyaliman and RPF of Kagame signed Peace agreement in power sharing in Arusha. The Hutus who are 85% were given 60% and Tutsi RPF movement who are 14% was given 40%.
THE RPF DECLINED 40% IN POWER-SHARING
Since the Tutsis RPF had assurance and all backing from USA decided to go on with fighting. They wanted to take over power to protect USA interest in the region. They went on with their attacks and killing of innocent population Hutus and Tutsis as well in preparation of overthrowing Habyalimana and Hutu rule. They were also backed by AUO through Military Observation Group GOM in French.
THE TRUTH ABOUT THE ORIGIN OF RWANDAN GENOCIDE
The America and other involved parties in the downing of Habyalimana's plane on 6th of April 1994, do not tell turth about what happened on the night of 6th April 1994. But here is a list of the people know about the truth about the death of President Habyalimana Juvenal and Ntaryamira Cyprien of Burundi. Mzee Nyerere the then President of Tanzania, Pierre Buyoya the then President of Burundi, Bill Clinton the then President of USA, and the mastermind President Museveni of Uganda. These people know what happened and who killed Habyalimana, if the world does not ask them the heaven is waiting.
The above names know very well who shot the Habyalimana's plane and why he did so. It was all in the process of preparing the foundation for the Africa Command Force AFRICOM as it is detailed in Uncovering Rwanda's secrets - World - theage.com.au, and UN 'shut down' Rwanda probe - World - theage.com.au.
The only thing that Hutus did not understand, it is that all this was the plans of the RPF to induce them in killing and violence in order to portray them as murderers and genocidaires. This was designed to attract international sympathy to support RPF in the name of stopping human attrocities. The Hutus fell in the trap and immediately depicted as genocidaires in the name of Interahamwe. USA had put all International media over Rwanda to cover every details which were later removed so as Kagame could revenge unnocited. The media does not tell us that whatever haapened was instant reaction which led to a mass slaughter due to fear and grief.
The Habyalimana's plane was downed, the people poured into the streets killing Tutsis and moderate Hutus, because they feared that if RPF got power, it could enslave all Hutus. However, little did they know that this killing would make their become the reality. The 1994 Rwanda massacre brought to an end the Hutu rule which they had fought for many years to bring independence to Rwanda. The whole world saw Hutus as criminals and ruthless species thanks to Clinton government, though Hutus reacted to the pre-planed act of killing Habyalimana. Instead of taking to Terrorism Court such as Guantenamo Bay those who shot down the two presidents, the international community started a witch hunt of all educated Hutus as a rapid action to counter the truth and fear that they could expose the true genesis of what happened. After succeeding to depict all Hutus as murderers, killers and genocidaires, the clinton government handed over Rwanda to Kagame and his tribesmen. Millions of Hutus landed into the wilderness of Kibumba-Goma in Eastern Zaire.
RWANDAN REFUGEES IN GOMA REFUGEE CAMPS
In Goma, hundreds of thousands of Hutu refugees died from the poisoned food and drinking which was contaminated by RPF infilitrators who were in Goma selling food and drinking water. more than 200,000 people died from this planed disguised RPF murder. while in Rwanda the Tutsis were mourning for theirs who died because of the Kagame's thirst of power, beyond the borders her children were dying like flies, and nobody cared because it was universally believed that all Hutus had committed massacre. Unlike the Rwandese saying "Imana Yirwanda Yilirwa Ahandi Igataha Irwanda,"meaning the Rwandese God spends His day elsewhere but He spends His Night in Rwanda, this God of Rwandans had completely gone for the day and forgot to come back for the night. People were helplessly crying for help from nowhere. those who survived the RPF poison in Goma, they went to the interior of Zaire (DRC) to hide from the oppression of RPF, UN,USA,and UNHCR. Those who remained in the camps were exposed to daily threats and intimidation from UNHCR. The UNHCR reduced the food ratios from day to day to force them to go back to Rwanda and face the Butcherer (RPF).
THE RPF VENDETTA PARTY AGAINST HUTUS IN DRC
In October1996, the RPF backed by USA government invaded the refugee camps of Bukavu, Nyangezi, and Goma in the Eastern DRC. This marked the beginning of real Hutu massacre. According to UN report, nearly 3M Hutus from Rwanda and Eastern DRC were killed in Zaire (DRC). The RPF soldiers were selecting young people from the elderly ones, putting the young people to the right and the elderly people to the left. Those who were on the right side who were generally young enabled people were slaughtered in Sake, and Kibati in Goma, and the elderly were sent home. Those who managed to escape the RPF sword in Goma took the dense forest of Ituli from Goma to Masisi, Walikale, Hamisi, Tingi Tingi, Lubutu, Kisangani, Ubundu, Opala, Ubundu-Opala-Ikela-Bokungu-Boende-Bandaka-Ingende-Bikoro-Irebu-Lukolela in Congo Brazaville.
Very few Hutu refugees who managed to survive the RPF massacre. In all this none ever questioned the RPF killing, to them it is a crime to kill a Tutsi and Okay to kill Hutu. A Hutu deserves a sword while a Tutsi deserves justice. This is visible in what UN manufactured as the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda which is supposed to try all Hutu intellectuals wherever they are to give justice to Tutsis who invaded a sovereign Rwanda in 1990s and killed Hutus untill they were tired to kill ordinary citizens and decided to kill two Hutu presidents, and until today they have not been brought to justice. To understand well what has happened, and what is happening in Rwanda now, one needs to read Nick McKenzie Uncovering Rwanda's secrets - World - theage.com.au, and UN 'shut down' Rwanda probe - World - theage.com.au.
THE BIASNESS OF INTERNATIONA CRIMINAL COURT AGAINST HUTUS
If the international community wants real peace in the Great Lakes Region, if it wants true democracy in the region, if it wants to have a lasting solution in the region, all the people who committed crime against humanity must be brought to books to answer their charges. All blood shed is blood whether in Rwanda, Burundi, or DRC. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) has since its inception been biased in applying justice. It has been a shame to the law practioners who have spent years overlooking the truth which is nothing else but truth and hunting Hutus only instead of using the court mandate of bringing all the people who committed crimes against humanity in Rwanda from 1991 to 1995. Now the ICTR has been nicknamed "NANGABAHUTU" meaning I HATE HUTUS by fellow Rwandans who sees the court as the promotion of hatred among Rwandan communities. What UN and USA should understand is that none is going to force Hutus or Tutsis to succumb to political and power hungry motivations.
If the international community does not want to see a mass revolution in region, they should help the Rwandan administration to put in place a people's constitution. This is a constitution that will give power to the people and protect the minority. This is a constitution that will recognize that Rwanda has three tribes: Hutus,Tutsis, and Twas. This constitution should be able to protect all the Rwandan citizens regardless of their ethnic background. This would be a constitution that recognizes and respect the history of Rwanda, it s evolution, and its integrity. This will help to restructure Rwandan communities and make them live in harmony with the respect to each other
THE NEXT PAGES ARE GOING TO DEAL WITH WHAT HAPPENED, IS HAPPENING IN RWANDA
RWANDA IN THE PAST-PRESENT FOR THEIR HARMONIOUS FUTURE