How the Tutsi Kings succeeded each other after killing the Hutu King Gihanga who was the first Hutu King
The Tutsi Monarchy of Rwanda and the years of their reign are:
Gihanga (1081 – 1114) HUTU
Kanyarwanda I Gahima I (1114 – 1147) TUTSI
Yuhi I Musindi (1147 – 1180) TUTSI
Ndahiro I Ruyange (1180 – 1213) TUTSI
Ndahiro Ndoba (1213 – 1246) TUTSI
Ndahiro Samembe (1246 – 1279) TUTSI
Nsoro I Samukondo (1279 – 1312) TUTSI
Ruganzu I Bwimba (1312 – 1345) TUTSI
Cyilima Rugwe (1345 – 1378) TUTSI
Kigeli I Mukobanya (1378 – 1418) TUTSI
Mibambwe I Sekarongoro I Mutabazi (1418 – 1444) TUTSI
Yuhi wa II Gahima II (1444 – 1477) TUTSI
Ndahiro wa II Cyamatare (1477 – 1510) TUTSI
Ruganzu wa II Ndoli (1510 – 1543) TUTSI
Mutara I Nsoro II Semugeshi (1543 – 1576) TUTSI
Kigeli II Nyamuheshera (1576 – 1609) TUTSI
Mibamwe II Sekarongoro II Gisanura (1609 – 1642) TUTSI
Yuhi III Mazimpaka (1642 – 1675) TUTSI
Cyilima II Rujugira (1675 – 1708) TUTSI
Kigeli wa III Ndabarasa (1708 – 1741) TUTSI
Mibambwe III Mutabazi II Sentabyo (1741 – 1746) TUTSI
Yuhi IV Gahindiro (1746 – 1802) TUTSI
Mutara II Rwogera (1802 – 1853) TUTSI
Kigeli IV Gahindiro (1853 – 1895) TUTSI
Yuhi V Musinga (1895 – 1931) TUTSI
Mutara III Rudahigwa (1931 – 1959) HE WAS A MODERATE TUTSI KING WHO STOPEED SERFDOM AND HE WAS POISONED BY RADICAL TUTSIS WHO DIDN’T WANT A CHANGE SUCH AS KAGAME. HUTUS SEE HIM AS A HERO.
Kigeli V Ndahindurwa (1959 – Until he was ousted by the UN Sponsored Referendum which made the majority Hutu win and led to Independence in 1962.This didn’t please Kigeli V and likeminded people such as Kagame and his cohorts.
How Kigali V left his land
By Prof. William Adams
Rwanda was first colonized by Imperial Germany from 1897 to 1918, but after the first World War, Germany conceded the defeat in Rwanda, Burundi, and Tanzania territory, which was referred to as The East African Germany Territory. This territory was placed under Belgian authority -- first under a League of Nations mandate and then as a United Nations Trust from 1918 until the country’s independence on July 1, 1962.
When the Belgians came into Rwanda, they found King Yuhi Musinga ruling, whom they forced into exile in the Congo because he was a friend to Imperial Germany. The Belgians replaced him with his son, who became King Mutara III. However, the new King in turn died under mysterious and questionable conditions after receiving an injection from a Belgian doctor – who was supposedly administering medical assistance.
King Kigeli V came onto the throne on July 27, 1959 -- against the will of the Belgians --upon the funeral of H.M. King Mutara III. The Governor who was representing the Belgian government informed the public that the Belgian government were going to replace the King with a Regent, and later on they, NOT the people of Rwanda following local custom and precedent, would decide if Rwanda would become a Republic or not. The Vice-President of the Supreme Council of Rwanda, on behalf of the Rwandan public, informed the Belgian Governor that under the laws and customs of traditional Rwanda, a King cannot be buried before the announcement of the new Mwami. Furthermore, in accordance with the decree the Belgian government signed in 1952, a new Mwami must be appointed upon the death of a ruling King.
Thus, following the Rwandan tradition, the name of the inheritor of the throne (le prince heritier) is kept in secret because of the security reasons, so the Vice-President of the Supreme Council called the representatives of the royal family -- who held the secret of the next King – to convene. Subsequently, Mr. Kayumba informed the public that the new King would be the prince Ndahindurwa, and he would take the throne name of King Kigeli V. The Tutsis and their servants cheered and celebrated the announcement of H.M. King Kigeli V so much that the new King was immediately called to the event. Thus, the new King was brought in front of the Belgian Governor and other dignitaries who were there for the funeral (among them were H.M. King Mwambutsa of Burundi, Archibishop Andree Perraudin, Archibishop Bigirumwami, and others). Given the strength of the ‘public’ support for H.M. King Kigeli, the Belgian Governor, Mr. Jean Paul Harroy, had no alternative but to say that he would inform his government of the new King.
It was a time that some of the young Hutus had finished school from both Rwanda and in diaspora. These young educated hutus had seen how other countries are being ruled by the democratic style It seems clear in retrospect that the Belgian government decided to attempt to divide the people of Rwanda to weaken the government, and therefore some Hutus who were educated in beligian schools, began educating the public on their rights to freedom of expression, work, wealth, and liberty. As a result, King Kigeli V asked the Belgian Governor, the aforementioned Mr. Jean Paul Harroy, to assist in the logistical coordination of the King visiting the Secretary General of the United Nations, the late Dag Hammarskjold, who was visiting Kinshasa in Congo. The purpose of that visit was to ask the UN Secretary was to ask him to help calm the situation in Rwanda whereby the majority wanted independence. But Kigeli V wanted to remain as a king in Rwanda. The Secretary General then invited His Majesty to come to New York and to brief the situation to the General Assembly of United Nations. King Kigeli V agreed and arranged the visit. During this time is when the Rwandans voted for the referendum which was supposed to express the wish of the majority whether they wanted to continue suffering under the iron fist of monarchy or they wanted to be voting for their won presidency and government. 97 of Rwandans voted for independence. The king Kigeli V refused to come back to Rwanda and opted to remain in Congo-Zaire.
This is how King Kigeli V came to be in exile. Under the protection of his friends the Belgian government, he stayed in Kinshasa where he was given a residence and treated with the respect due a Head of State by his dear friend Premier Minister Patrice Lumumba. Then later as Americans have been closer friends to Tutsi regimes, they invited Mr. Kigeli V to New York to brief the General Assembly of United Nations and asked for the independence of Rwanda.
The King comes back to Rwanda. He was later taken into exile to Burundi where he was put under house arrest shortly then he proceeded to Tanzania.
Fortunately, before he left Tanzania (where he was living in exile), King Kigeli V informed the former President Julius Nyerere about his trip and how the visit was in accord with the resolutions of the General Assembly of United Nations. As soon as Julius Nyerere heard of the arrest, he sent a telegram to the Belgian governor of Rwanda and Burundi, the same Mr. Jean Paul Harroy, telling him that if the Belgians continue to refuse to abide by United Nations resolutions, they should send the King immediately to Dar-es-salaam; if the Belgians do not, all Belgians living in Dar-es-salaam would be arrested. Mr. Jean Paul Harroy acquiesced and sent His Majesty back to Tanzania -- accompanied by two Belgians to ensure the King did nothing further to overthrow the legally government in place voted by the people to serve its people. This was the last time King Kigeli V has been in Rwanda.. the Rwanda got its independence and this was the end of serfdom and oppression of Tutsi monarchy until in 1990s when dormant Hutus were caught by surprise by RPF under Kigeli’s son Paul Kagame led Tutsi rebels to send sleepy Hutus packing in 1994. this happened because the young Hutus did not read the history of what their ancestors went through under Tutsi monarchy.